Running is a great cardio exercise to get your body in shape, but that’s not all you need. Your body requires three aspects to become fit — cardio, strength training and a healthy diet. While running will help burn calories, it won’t get you in shape if you’re strictly burning the unhealthy food you’re eating and nothing more. While cardio and eating healthy will help burn calories, strength training will finish off by toning.
Cardio exercises, such as jogging, swimming, dancing, jump rope and running, all provide constant movement to get your heart pumping and make you sweat. Sweating allows you to burn calories and fat. To lose weight and shape your body, your cardio routine should be long enough to burn more calories than you consume. With a healthy diet, you should burn off about 500 calories a day to lose 3,500 calories a week, or 1 pound. Run or perform any other type of cardio exercise three to four times a week. Moderate cardio should be done for about 150 minutes a week, while intense cardio should be done 75 minutes a week.
Strength training workouts can tone any major muscle group in your body — arms, back, shoulders, stomach, butt and legs. Various workouts include mountain climbers, planks, pushups, wall sits, lunges, squats, step-ups, calf raises, donkey kicks, triceps dips and crunches. Perform strength-training workouts two to three days a week on nonconsecutive days. Anaerobic workouts that target a specific area of your body, such as your arms, should never be done on consecutive days to avoid straining or pulling a muscle.
Without eating healthy, all the energy you’re exerting performing cardio and strength training won’t make as big of a difference in shaping your body. To start eating healthy, cut back sugar, red meats, whole dairy products and fried foods. Eat smaller portions and stop eating at night. Eating breakfast and smaller meals will keep your metabolism running and going throughout the whole day. Include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, protein, calcium, monounsaturated fats — found in plant oils, nuts and seeds — and polyunsaturated fats — found in fatty fish and fish oil supplements — in your diet.
Always perform a five- to 10-minute warm-up and cool-down when performing cardio and strength-training exercises. To shape your body, avoid running at the same pace for the duration of your run. Varying your intensity will increase your metabolism more and help you burn fat faster. To avoid injury, rest at least a day between strength-training exercises. If you feel pain, give your body a day or two of rest. Never push your limits. Shaping your body will take time.